A vibrant cosmopolitan city, located on the lower reaches of the Yarra River and on the northern and eastern shorelines of the magnificent Port Phillip Bay, Melbourne is the capital city and cultural heart of Victoria. It is the second most populous city in Australia, with a population of approx. 3.9 million. Melbourne is a major centre of commerce, education, tourist, the arts and cultural activities as well industry.
With a population of 5.2 million throughout the entire state and as many as 175 languages spoken, it is easily one of the most culturally diverse states in Australia. 90% of residents live in either the cities or towns making it the most urbanised state.
Melbourne has a moderate oceanic climate and is well known for its changeable weather conditions. The phrase “four seasons in one day” is part of popular culture and observed by many visitors to the city.
Victoria is home to the headquarters of some of Australia’s largest companies and is currently experiencing skill shortages in many industries. The Skilled and Business migration program is attracting skilled and business migrants to fill those skill shortages that cannot be filled locally. To learn more about the industries where skilled workers are currently required visit www.liveinvictoria.vic.gov.au/working-and-employment
In addition to the above resources, you can visit any of the following sites which provide you with current jobs available as well as other helpful information in helping you find a suitable role in Victoria:
Melbourne is home to a contemporary, flexible and world-class education system with excellent schools, vocational training and universities. It boasts the second largest education system in Australia and one of the most advanced education systems in the world for both primary and secondary school students.
Victorian government schools help international students learn English quickly and provide a high quality educational environment. The government schools have a broad-based education curriculum, ensuring a healthy balance between academic achievement and cultural, social and sporting activities.
Where public education is free, 35% of students attend a private primary or secondary school. The numerous numbers of private schools are Catholic and the rest are independent. For further information about the public and private education options available please visit www.education.vic.gov.au
Melbourne’s two largest universities are the University of Melbourne and Monash University, the largest university in Australia. Some of the nation’s oldest educational facilities and institutions are located in Melbourne including the oldest Engineering, Medical, Dental and Music schools and the oldest law course in Australia – all offered at the University of Melbourne.
To learn more about the tertiary education options available in Melbourne, please visit www.vtac.edu.au
Some suburbs in Victoria have been hit hard with the turn of the economical environment with some suburbs houses falling a massive four times the median price. The median house price for homes in the metropolitan Melbourne area are now around $435,000.
The Real Estate of Victoria website (www.reiv.com.au
) is one of the best websites to investigate housing prices and rental prices throughout the Victorian state.
Melbourne has returned results of tremendous population growth in recent times and as a result the rental market has tightened to reflect this. There has been some ease in demand for larger, more expensive residential dwellings but more affordable houses, town houses, units and apartments are continuing to attract significant demand.
To further investigate suburbs and their prices, visit:
The Victorian community is serviced by a range of health services including public hospitals, community health services and bush nursing services. These public health facilities provide a broad range of services including in-patient and out-patient medical and surgical services, rehabilitation, mental health, aged care and primary health care services. A key component of Victoria’s health system is the provision of health services through a system of regional self sufficiency, which enables patients to access the care they require close to home.
Recent migrants are generally eligible for Medicare benefits, which provide help with basic medical expenses including free public hospital care, help with the cost of out-of-hospital care and subsidised medicines. You may be eligible to join Medicare and gain immediate access to health care services and programs. To register, you need to visit a Medicare office within 7 – 10 days of arriving in Australia with your passport and travel documents. (The Department of Immigration and Citizenship
website provides more information on Medicare registration) Medicare does not provide for all health services – you must pay for general health services such as dental care, optical care and ambulance services or take out private health insurance to cover these costs.
Most Visas will require applicants to obtain private health insurance before entering or shortly after entering Australia. There are many providers of this level of healthcare, with the larger ones available in Victoria being listed below:
Melbourne has a privatised public transport system comprising trains, trams and buses. Trams are the main form of transport throughout the Central Business District and run up and down most main streets, with their system boasting the largest tram network in the world. Trains are the most popular mode of transport throughout the greater Melbourne area.
Metlink is the face of public transport in Melbourne which provides customers with a ‘one-stop-shop’ for information about services, fares and ticketing www.metlinkmelbourne.com.au
In terms of driving in Melbourne on an international license, the requirement to change your overseas drivers’ license to a Victorian driver license depends on whether your stay in Victoria is permanent or temporary. If you are in Victoria on a temporary visa, you can drive on your overseas license (provided it is current and valid) for an indefinite period provided your overseas license is in English (or you have an English translation or an International Driving Permit).
If you are in Victoria on a permanent visa issued under the Migrant Act 1958, you may drive on your overseas license for three months from the date you first entered Australia or from the time the permanent visa was issued to you (whichever is the later). For more information about driving in Victoria, visit www.vicroads.gov.au
The Melbourne City Council governs the City of Melbourne, which takes in the CBD and a few adjoining inner suburbs. The rest of the metropolitan area is divided into 31 local government areas. The local government authorities have elected councils and are responsible for a range of functions such as urban planning and waste management.
Melbourne offers a host of attractions – it is undoubtedly a city for everyone. From chic fashion stores to buzzing lane way cafes and trendy bars, botanic gardens to sports stadiums, elegant Victorian-era streetscapes to Manhattan style skyscrapers, film and food festivals to galleries and opulent theatres.
Affectionately known as ‘The Garden State’, is goes without saying that Victoria is home to beautiful gardens including the Royal Botanical Gardens, Fitzroy Gardens and Victoria State Rose Garden which are some of the most spectacular you will find anywhere in the world.
Melbourne city is host to many international and domestic sporting events on a grand scale. Major events include The Australian Open, The Australian Formula One Grand Prix, the Spring Racing Carnival and of course, the Melbourne Cup.
To find out more information about Melbourne and what it has to offer, visit: